December 2012
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Day December 11, 2012

General PT-Symmetric Matrices

Jia-wen Deng, Uwe Guenther, Qing-hai Wang

Three ways of constructing a non-Hermitian matrix with possible all real eigenvalues are discussed. They are PT symmetry, pseudo-Hermiticity, and generalized PT symmetry. Parameter counting is provided for each class. All three classes of matrices have more real parameters than a Hermitian matrix with the same dimension. The generalized PT-symmetric matrices are most general among the three. All self-adjoint matrices process a generalized PT symmetry. For a given matrix, it can be both PT-symmetric and P’-pseudo-Hermitian with respect to some P’ operators. The relation between corresponding P and P’ operators is established. The Jordan block structures of each class are discussed. Explicit examples in 2×2 are shown.
Quantum Physics (quant-ph); Mathematical Physics (math-ph)