K. Nireekshan Reddy, Subhrajit Modak, Kumar Abhinav, Prasanta K. Panigrahi

Systems governed by the Non-linear Schroedinger Equation (NLSE) with various external PT-symmetric potentials are considered. Exact solutions have been obtained for the same through the method of ansatz, some of them being solitonic in nature. It is found that only the unbroken PT-symmetric phase is realized in these systems, characterized by real energies.

http://arxiv.org/abs/1402.5762

Quantum Physics (quant-ph)

Philip Cherian, Kumar Abhinav, P. K. Panigrahi

A family of PT -symmetric complex potentials are obtained which is isospectral to free particle in an infinite complex box in one dimension (1-D). These are generalizations to the cosec2(x) potential, isospectral to particle in a real infinite box. In the complex plane, the infinite box is extended parallel to the real axis having a real width, which is found to be an integral multiple of a constant quantum factor, arising due to boundary conditions necessary for maintaining the PT -symmetry of the superpartner. As the spectra of the particle in a box is still real, it necessarily picks out the unbroken PT -sector of its superpartner, thereby invoking a close relation between PT -symmetry and SUSY for this case.

http://arxiv.org/abs/1110.3708

Mathematical Physics (math-ph); Quantum Physics (quant-ph)

Kumar Abhinav, Arun Jayannavar, P. K. Panigrahi

For one-dimensional PT -symmetric systems, it is observed that the non-local product obtained from the continuity equation can be interpreted as a conserved corre- lation function. This leads to physical conclusions, regarding both discrete and continuum states of such systems. Asymptotic states are shown to have necessarily broken PT -symmetry, leading to modified scattering and transfer matrices. This yields restricted boundary conditions, e.g., in- cidence from both sides, analogous to that of the proposed PT CPA laser. The interpretation of left and right states leads to a Hermitian S-matrix, resulting in the non-conservation of the flux. This further satisfies a duality condition, identical to the optical analogues. However, the non-local conserved scalar implements alternate boundary conditions in terms of in and out states, leading to the pseudo-Hermiticity condition in terms of the scattering matrix. Interestingly, when PT -symmetry is preserved, it leads to stationary states with real energy, naturally inter- pretable as bound states. The broken PT -symmetric phase is also captured by this correlation, with complex-conjugate pair of energies, interpreted as resonances.

http://arxiv.org/abs/1109.3113

Quantum Physics (quant-ph)

Kumar Abhinav, Prasanta K. Panigrahi

Dynamical systems exhibiting both PT and Supersymmetry are analyzed in a general scenario. It is found that, in an appropriate parameter domain, the ground state may or may not respect PT-symmetry. Interestingly, in the domain where PT-symmetry is not respected, two superpotentials give rise to one potential; whereas when the ground state respects PT, this correspondence is unique. In both scenarios, supersymmetry and shape-invariance are intact, through which one can obtain eigenfunctions and eigenstates exactly. Our procedure enables one to generate a host of complex potentials which are not PT-symmetric, and can be exactly solved.

http://arxiv.org/abs/1011.0084

Quantum Physics (quant-ph)

Kumar Abhinav, Prasanta K. Panigrahi

In “Comment on Supersymmetry, PT-symmetry and spectral bifurcation” \cite{BQ1}, Bagchi and Quesne correctly show the presence of a class of states for the complex Scarf-II potential in the unbroken PT-symmetry regime, which were absent in \cite{AP}. However, in the spontaneously broken PT-symmetry case, their argument is incorrect since it fails to implement the condition for the potential to be PT-symmetric: $C^{PT}[2(A-B)+\alpha]=0$. It needs to be emphasized that in the models considered in \cite{AP}, PT is spontaneously broken, implying that the potential is PT- symmetric, whereas the ground state is not. Furthermore, our supersymmetry (SUSY)-based ‘spectral bifurcation’ holds \textit{independent} of the $sl(2)$ symmetry consideration for a large class of PT-symmetric potentials.

http://arxiv.org/abs/1010.1909

Quantum Physics (quant-ph)