Tunable nonlinear PT-symmetric defect modes with an atomic cell

Chao Hang, Dmitry A. Zezyulin, Vladimir V. Konotop, Guoxiang Huang

We propose a scheme of creating a tunable highly nonlinear defect in a one-dimensional photonic crystal. The defect consists of an atomic cell filled in with two isotopes of three-level atoms. The probe-field refractive index of the defect can be made parity-time (PT) symmetric, which is achieved by proper combination of a control field and of Stark shifts induced by a far-off-resonance field. In the PT-symmetric system families of stable nonlinear defect modes can be formed by the probe field.


Optics (physics.optics); Pattern Formation and Solitons (nlin.PS)

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