April 2013
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Day April 27, 2013

Surface solitons in PT-symmetric potentials

Huagang Li, Zhiwei Shi, Xiujuan jiang, Xing Zhu, Tianshu Lai

We investigate light beam propagation along the interface between linear and nonlinear media with parity-time PT symmetry, and derive an equation governing the beam propagation. A novel class of two-dimensional PT surface solitons are found analytically and numerically, and checked to be stable over a wide range of PT potential structures and parameters. These surface solitons do not require a power threshold. The transverse power flow across beam is examined within the solitons and found to be caused by the nontrivial phase structure of the solitons. PT surface solitons are possibly observed experimentally in photorefractive crystals.

Optics (physics.optics); Pattern Formation and Solitons (nlin.PS)