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Day April 9, 2013

Nonlinear localized modes in PT-symmetric Rosen-Morse potential well

Bikashkali Midya, Rajkumar Roychoudhury

We report the existence and properties of localized modes described by nonlinear Schroedinger equation with complex PT-symmetric Rosen-Morse potential well. Exact analytical expressions of the localized modes are found in both one dimensional and two-dimensional geometry with self-focusing and self-defocusing Kerr nonlinearity. Linear stability analysis reveals that these localized modes are unstable for all real values of the potential parameters although corresponding linear Schroedinger eigenvalue problem possesses unbroken PT-symmetry. This result has been verified by the direct numerical simulation of the governing equation. The transverse power flow density associated with these localized modes has also been examined.

Quantum Physics (quant-ph); Pattern Formation and Solitons (nlin.PS); Optics (physics.optics)