June 2012
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Day June 28, 2012

Quantum catastrophes: a case study

Miloslav Znojil

The bound-state spectrum of a Hamiltonian H is assumed real in a non-empty domain D of physical values of parameters. This means that for these parameters, H may be called crypto-Hermitian, i.e., made Hermitian via an ad hoc choice of the inner product in the physical Hilbert space of quantum bound states (i.e., via an ad hoc construction of the so called metric). The name of quantum catastrophe is then assigned to the N-tuple-exceptional-point crossing, i.e., to the scenario in which we leave domain D along such a path that at the boundary of D, an N-plet of bound state energies degenerates and, subsequently, complexifies. At any fixed \(N \geq 2\), this process is simulated via an N by N benchmark effective matrix Hamiltonian H. Finally, it is being assigned such a closed-form metric which is made unique via an N-extrapolation-friendliness requirement.

Quantum Physics (quant-ph); Mathematical Physics (math-ph)