February 2012
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Day February 18, 2012

Nonlinear modes in finite-dimensional PT-symmetric systems

D. A. Zezyulin, V. V. Konotop

By similarity transformations a parity-time (PT-) symmetric Hamiltonian can be reduced to a Hermitian or to another PT-symmetric Hamiltonian having the same linear spectrum. On an example of a PT-symmetric quadrimer we show that the spectral equivalence of different PT-symmetric and Hermitian systems implies neither similarity of the nonlinear modes nor their stability properties. Even the existence of one-parametric families of nonlinear modes is not guaranteed by the PT symmetry of the underlying linear system. Neither the stability is directly related to the PT symmetry: stable nonlinear modes exist beyond the PT symmetry breaking threshold. A “phase diagram” of a general PT-symmetric quadrimer allows for existence of “triple” points, where three different phases meet. We use graph representation of PT-symmetric networks giving simple illustration of linearly equivalent networks and indicating on their possible experimental design.

http://arxiv.org/abs/1202.3652
Pattern Formation and Solitons (nlin.PS); Optics (physics.optics)

Path Integrals for (Complex) Classical and Quantum Mechanics

Ray J. Rivers

An analysis of classical mechanics in a complex extension of phase space shows that a particle in such a space can behave in a way redolant of quantum mechanics; additional degrees of freedom permit ‘tunnelling’ without recourse to instantons and lead to time/energy uncertainty. In practice, ‘classical’ particle trajectories with additional degrees of freedom have arisen in several different formulations of quantum mechanics. In this talk we compare the extended phase space of the closed time-path formalism with that of complex classical mechanics, to suggest that $\hbar$ has a role in our understanding of the latter. However, differences in the way that trajectories are used make a deeper comparison problematical. We conclude with some thoughts on quantisation as dimensional reduction.

http://arxiv.org/abs/1202.4117

Quantum Physics (quant-ph); Classical Physics (physics.class-ph)