Optical Modes in PT-Symmetric Double-Channel Waveguides

Li Chen, Rujiang Li, Na Yang, Da Chen, Lu Li

We investigate the unique properties of various analytical optical modes, including the fundamental modes and the excited modes, in a double-channel waveguide with parity-time (PT) symmetry. Based on these optical modes, the dependence of the threshold values for the gain/loss parameter, i.e., PT symmetry breaking points, on the structure parameters is discussed. We find that the threshold value for the excited modes is larger than that of the fundamental mode. In addition, the beam dynamics in the double-channel waveguide with PT symmetry is also investigated.

Optics (physics.optics)

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