Spectral singularities in PT-symmetric Bose-Einstein condensates

W. D. Heiss, H. Cartarius, G. Wunner, J. Main

We consider the model of a PT-symmetric Bose-Einstein condensate in a delta-functions double-well potential. We demonstrate that analytic continuation of the primarily non-analytic term \(|\psi|^2 \psi\) – occurring in the underlying Gross-Pitaevskii equation – yields new branch points where three levels coalesce. We show numerically that the new branch points exhibit the behaviour of exceptional points of second and third order. A matrix model which confirms the numerical findings in analytic terms is given.

Quantum Physics (quant-ph); Quantum Gases (cond-mat.quant-gas); Chaotic Dynamics (nlin.CD)

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