P.A. Kalozoumis, G. Pappas, F.K. Diakonos, P. Schmelcher

Recently [Phys. Rev. Lett. **106**, 093902 (2011)] it has been shown that PT-symmetric scattering systems with balanced gain and loss, undergo a transition from PT-symmetric scattering eigenstates, which are norm preserving, to symmetry broken pairs of eigenstates exhibiting net amplification and loss. In the present work we derive the existence of an invariant non-local current which can be directly associated with the observed transition playing the role of an “order parameter”. The use of this current for the description of the PT-symmetry breaking allows the extension of the known phase diagram to higher dimensions incorporating scattering states which are not eigenstates of the scattering matrix.

http://arxiv.org/abs/1407.2655

Optics (physics.optics); Quantum Physics (quant-ph)