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Day May 27, 2014

Periodic and Hyperbolic Soliton Solutions of a Number of Nonlocal PT-Symmetric Nonlinear Equations

Avinash Khare, Avadh Saxena

For a number of nonlocal nonlinear equations such as nonlocal, nonlinear Schrodinger equation (NLSE), nonlocal Ablowitz-Ladik (AL), nonlocal, saturable discrete NLSE (DNLSE), coupled nonlocal NLSE, coupled nonlocal AL and coupled nonlocal, saturable DNLSE, we obtain periodic solutions in terms of Jacobi elliptic functions as well as the corresponding hyperbolic soliton solutions. Remarkably, in all the six cases, we find that unlike the corresponding local cases, all the nonlocal models simultaneously admit both the bright and the dark soliton solutions. Further, in all the six cases, not only \(\rm{Dn}(x,m)\) and \(\rm{Cn}(x,m)\) but even their linear superposition is shown to be an exact solution. Finally, we show that the coupled nonlocal NLSE not only admits solutions in terms of Lame polynomials of order 1, but it also admits solutions in terms of Lame polynomials of order 2, even though they are not the solutions of the uncoupled nonlocal problem. We also remark on the possible integrability in certain cases.

http://arxiv.org/abs/1405.5267
Pattern Formation and Solitons (nlin.PS)