March 2014
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Day March 5, 2014

Giant Optomechanical Enhancement in the Presence of Gain and Loss

H. Jing, Sahin K. Ozdemir, Xin-You Lv, Jing Zhang, F. Nori

The parity-time-symmetric structure was experimentally accessible very recently in coupled optical resonators with which, for normal or non-PT-symmetric cases, a phonon laser device had also been realized. Here we study cavity optomechanics of this system now with tunable gain-loss ratio. We find that nonlinear behaviors emerge for cavity-photon populations around balanced point, resulting giant enhancement of both optical pressure and phonon-lasing action. Potential applications range from enhancing mechanical cooling to designing highly-efficient phonon-laser amplifier.
Quantum Physics (quant-ph); Optics (physics.optics)

Three solvable matrix models of a quantum catastrophe

Geza Levai, Frantisek Ruzicka, Miloslav Znojil

Three classes of finite-dimensional models of quantum systems exhibiting spectral degeneracies called quantum catastrophes are described in detail. Computer-assisted symbolic manipulation techniques are shown unexpectedly efficient for the purpose.
Quantum Physics (quant-ph); Mathematical Physics (math-ph)