Charles Liang, Derek D. Scott, Yogesh N. Joglekar

In systems with “balanced loss and gain”, the PT-symmetry is broken by increasing the non-hermiticity or the loss-gain strength. We show that finite lattices with oscillatory, PT-symmetric potentials exhibit a new class of PT-symmetry breaking and restoration. We obtain the PT phase diagram as a function of potential periodicity, which also controls the location complex eigenvalues in the lattice spectrum. We show that the sum of PT-potentials with nearby periodicities leads to PT-symmetry restoration, where the system goes from a PT-broken state to a PT-symmetric state as the average loss-gain strength is increased. We discuss the implications of this novel transition for the propagation of a light in an array of coupled waveguides.

http://arxiv.org/abs/1402.2544

Quantum Physics (quant-ph); Optics (physics.optics)