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Day December 13, 2013

Nonlinear modes and symmetries in linearly-coupled pairs of PT-invariant dimers

K. Li, P. G. Kevrekidis, B. A. Malomed

The subject of the work are pairs of linearly coupled PT-symmetric dimers. Two different settings are introduced, namely, straight-coupled dimers, where each gain site is linearly coupled to one gain and one loss site, and cross-coupled dimers, with each gain site coupled to two lossy ones. The latter pair with equal coupling coefficients represents a “PT-hypersymmetric” quadrimer. We find symmetric and antisymmetric solutions in these systems, chiefly in an analytical form, and explore the existence, stability and dynamical behavior of such solutions by means of numerical methods. We thus identify bifurcations occurring in the systems, including spontaneous symmetry breaking and saddle-center bifurcations. Simulations demonstrate that evolution of unstable branches typically leads to blowup. However, in some cases unstable modes rearrange into stable ones.

http://arxiv.org/abs/1312.3376
Pattern Formation and Solitons (nlin.PS); Optics (physics.optics)

Local PT symmetry violates the no-signaling principle

Yi-Chan Lee, Min-Hsiu Hsieh, Steven T. Flammia, Ray-Kuang Lee

Bender et al. have developed PT-symmetric quantum theory as an extension of quantum theory to non-Hermitian Hamiltonians. We show that when this model has a local PT symmetry acting on composite systems it violates the non-signaling principle of relativity. Since the case of global PT symmetry is known to reduce to standard quantum mechanics, this shows that the PT-symmetric theory is either a trivial extension or likely false as a fundamental theory.

http://arxiv.org/abs/1312.3395
Quantum Physics (quant-ph); High Energy Physics – Theory (hep-th); Mathematical Physics (math-ph)