August 2013
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Day August 20, 2013

PT-symmetry Management in Oligomer Systems

R.L. Horne, J. Cuevas, P.G. Kevrekidis, N. Whitaker, F.Kh. Abdullaev, D.J. Frantzeskakis

We study the effects of management of the PT-symmetric part of the potential within the setting of Schrodinger dimer and trimer oligomer systems. This is done by rapidly modulating in time the gain/loss profile. This gives rise to a number of interesting properties of the system, which are explored at the level of an averaged equation approach. Remarkably, this rapid modulation provides for a controllable expansion of the region of exact PT-symmetry, depending on the strength and frequency of the imposed modulation. The resulting averaged models are analyzed theoretically and their exact stationary solutions are translated into time-periodic solutions through the averaging reduction. These are, in turn, compared with the exact periodic solutions of the full non-autonomous PT-symmetry managed problem and very good agreement is found between the two.

http://arxiv.org/abs/1308.3738
Pattern Formation and Solitons (nlin.PS)

Geometric phase and phase diagram for non-Hermitian quantum XY model

X. Z. Zhang, Z. Song

We study the geometric phase for the ground state of a generalized one-dimensional non-Hermitian quantum XY model, which has transverse-field-dependent intrinsic rotation-time reversal symmetry. Based on the exact solution, this model is shown to have full real spectrum in multiple regions for the finite size system. The result indicates that the phase diagram or exceptional boundary, which separates the unbroken and broken symmetry regions corresponds to the divergence of the Berry curvature. The scaling behaviors of the groundstate energy and Berry curvature are obtained in an analytical manner for a concrete system.

http://arxiv.org/abs/1308.4057
Quantum Physics (quant-ph)