Gilles Demange, Eva-Maria Graefe

Parameter dependent non-Hermitian quantum systems typically not only possess eigenvalue degeneracies, but also degeneracies of the corresponding eigenfunctions at exceptional points. While the effect of two coalescing eigenfunctions on cyclic parameter variation is well investigated, little attention has hitherto been paid to the effect of more than two coalescing eigenfunctions. Here a characterisation of behaviours of symmetric Hamiltonians with three coalescing eigenfunctions is presented, using perturbation theory for non-Hermitian operators. Two main types of parameter perturbations need to be distinguished, which lead to characteristic eigenvalue and eigenvector patterns under cyclic variation. A physical system is introduced for which both behaviours might be experimentally accessible.

http://arxiv.org/abs/1110.1489

Quantum Physics (quant-ph); Mathematical Physics (math-ph)

Sergey V. Suchkov, Boris A. Malomed, Sergey V. Dmitriev, Yuri S. Kivshar

Dynamics of a chain of interacting parity-time invariant nonlinear dimers is investigated. A dimer is built as a pair of coupled elements with equal gain and loss. A relation between stationary soliton solutions of the model and solitons of the discrete nonlinear Schrodinger (DNLS) equation is demonstrated. Approximate solutions for solitons whose width is large in comparison to the lattice spacing are derived, using a continuum counterpart of the discrete equations. These solitons are mobile, featuring nearly elastic collisions. Stationary solutions for narrow solitons, which are immobile due to the pinning by the effective Peierls-Nabarro potential, are constructed numerically, starting from the anti-continuum limit. The solitons with the amplitude exceeding a certain critical value suffer an instability leading to blowup, which is a specific feature of the nonlinear PT-symmetric chain, making it dynamically different from DNLS lattices. A qualitative explanation of this feature is proposed. The instability threshold drops with the increase of the gain-loss coefficient, but it does not depend on the lattice coupling constant, nor on the soliton’s velocity.

http://arxiv.org/abs/1110.1501

Optics (physics.optics)

Joe Watkins

We study the spectral zeta functions associated to the radial Schrodinger problem with potential \(V(x)=x^{2M}+\alpha x^{M-1} +(\lambda^2-1/4)/x^2\). Using the quantum Wronskian equation, we provide results such as closed-form evaluations for some of the second zeta functions i.e. the sum over the inverse eigenvalues squared. Also we discuss how our results can be used to derive relationships and identities involving special functions, using a particular \({}_5F_4\) hypergeometric series as an example. Our work is then extended to a class of related \({\cal PT}\)-symmetric eigenvalue problems. Using the fused quantum Wronskian we give a simple method for calculating the related spectral zeta functions. This method has a number of applications including the use of the ODE/IM correspondence to compute the (vacuum) nonlocal integrals of motion \(G_n\) which appear in the associated integrable quantum field theory.

http://arxiv.org/abs/1110.2004

Mathematical Physics (math-ph); High Energy Physics – Theory (hep-th)