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Day December 13, 2010

Eigenvalue and level-spacing statistics of random, self-adjoint, non-Hermitian matrices

Yogesh N. Joglekar, William A. Karr

We investigate the eigenvalue distribution $\sigma(x)$ and level-spacing distribution $p(s)$ of random matrices $M=AF\neq M^{\dagger}$ where $F$ is a diagonal inner-product and $A$ is a random, real symmetric or complex Hermitian matrix with independent entries drawn from a probability distribution $q(x)$ with zero mean and finite higher moments. Although not Hermitian, the matrix $M$ is self-adjoint with respect to $F$ and thus has a purely real spectrum. We find that the eigenvalue probability distribution $\sigma_F(x)$ is independent of the underlying distribution $q(x)$, is solely characterized by $F$, and therefore generalizes Wigner’s semicircle distribution $\sigma_W(x)$. We find that the level-spacing distributions $p(s)$ are independent of $q(x)$, are dependent upon the inner-product $F$ and whether $A$ is real or complex, and therefore generalize Wigner’s surmise for level spacing.
Disordered Systems and Neural Networks (cond-mat.dis-nn); Statistical Mechanics (cond-mat.stat-mech)