Category Hong Kong University of Science and Technology

Non-reciprocal mu-near-zero mode in PT-symmetric magnetic domains

Jin Wang, Hui Yuan Dong, Chi Wai Ling, C. T. Chan, Kin Hung Fung

We find that a new type of non-reciprocal modes exist at an interface between two parity-time (PT) symmetric magnetic domains (MDs) near the frequency of zero effective permeability. The new mode is non-propagating and purely magnetic when the two MDs are semi-infinite while it becomes propagating in the finite case. In particular, two pronounced nonreciprocal responses could be observed via the excitation of this mode: one-way optical tunneling for oblique incidence and unidirectional beam shift at normal incidence. When the two MDs system becomes finite in size, it is found that perfect-transmission mode could be achieved if PT-symmetry is maintained. The unique properties of such an unusual mode are investigated by analytical modal calculation as well as numerical simulations. The results suggest a new approach to the design of compact optical isolator.
Optics (physics.optics)